Good dental health doesn’t end with just clean teeth. The bone and gum tissue surrounding the teeth, called the periodontium, also need attention and care. When the periodontium is neglected or poorly cleaned, a condition called periodontitis may occur, which is the inflammation and infection of supporting gum tissue. Affected gum tissue pulls away from teeth as the body fights off the infection by breaking down the surrounding bone and tissue. Support around teeth is therefore weakened, causing them to loosen and fall out. Our practice can ensure your periodontic health with regular exams and cleaning.
Risk factors and causes of Periodontitis
Generally, periodontitis is caused by poor, infrequent, or improper oral care, but other risk factors can be linked to its onset:
- Not properly brushing or flossing away plaque build-up on and between teeth
- Not using mouthwash to flush out and kill harmful bacteria
- Allowing gingivitis (the earliest stage of periodontitis) to persist untreated
- Smoking or using tobacco
- Having crooked or crowded teeth, making it harder to brush or floss
- Grinding or clenching teeth, weakening the periodontal tissues
- Taking medications that dry out the mouth
- A diet that does not promote a healthy immune system or is lacking in vitamin C
Even after comprehensive treatment, periodontitis can return, so it’s important to eliminate bad dental care habits and get professional dental cleanings regularly!
Symptoms of Periodontitis
Common symptoms of periodontitis include:
- Bright red, reddish-purple, or shiny gums
- Inflamed, swollen, or puffy gums
- Pain or bleeding when the gums are touched or brushed
- Receding gums that make the teeth look longer
- Extra space appearing between teeth
- Teeth that are loose or falling out
- Bad breath
If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, see a professional right away for an evaluation.
Our Periodontic Care Services
To restore the health of your periodontium, our practice offers the following services:
- Deep cleaning and scaling can clean out bacteria below the gum line that you cannot reach yourself. We use tools and ultrasonic devices to break up hardened plaque.
- Root planing can smooth out the rough areas on your teeth, discouraging plaque build-up that can lodge between bumps.
- Laser treatments can clean and break up plaque below the gum line in a more non-invasive and efficient matter for less bleeding and discomfort.
Dr. Hill will discuss all of these options with you and review your tolerances and concerns.
Do not delay getting treatment for your periodontitis! Schedule with an exam and cleaning with us today.